Rare and endemic plants

In the Nin lagoon many rare and endemic kinds of plants can be found. It is interesting that this world is characterised by the nature, primarily the shallow waters and the very high salinity. The most impressive adaptation to the laws of survival is perhaps best illustrated by the plant type (Srcocornia fruticosa) – sometimes called, salicot, sea beans, pickleweed, glasswort or samphire, which grows along the muddy coast in very salty earth, so thickly that it creates fields which are called salt marshes. This plant is fleshy, it has a thick stem which is a real reservoir of water, and small leaves which prevent too much evaporation. Its cellular juice has a high concentration of salt, which enables it to take water from salty deposits (otherwise the plant would lose water ). The large amounts of this kind of plant are a source of food for other kinds, primarily birds such as the herons, waders and grebes.

Endemic, rare and types of plants which are threatened

Allium telmatum, swamp/marsh garlic (endemic)
Chouardia litardieri, Meadow squill (endemic and with Annexe to Directive EU)
Armeria canescens ssp. Dalmatica, Dalmatian Sea Pink (endemic)
Peucedanum coriaceum ssp. Pospichali, Leathery (endemic)
Dianthus ferrugineus ssp. Liburnicus, Liburnian carnation (endemic)
Cyperus capitatus, Savoy galingale (CR)
Elymus farctus, Sand couch (CR)
Saccharum ravennae, Hardy Pampas grass (CR)
Triglochin bulbosa ssp. Barrelieri, Lesser arrowgrass (CR)
Carex extensa, Long-bracted Sedge (EN)
Haynardia cylindrical, Barbgrass (VU)
Hordeum marinum, Sea barley (VU)
Suaeda maritime, Herbaceus Seepweed (VU)
Salsola soda, Prickly Saltwart (VU)
Trifolium resupinatum, Persian clover (VU)

(CR = critically endangered, EN = endangered, VU = vulnerable)
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Medicinal mud

Did you know that in Nin there is the largest site of the medicinal mud in Croatia with 120,000 m3 of surface? Therefore, in 1960. Nin was registered at The Academy of Medical Sciences of Croatia as a thalassotherapy health resort and site of the sea peloid in North Dalmatia with a summer clinic in open for the bath therapy. The peloid – medicinal mud is located in the middle of the Lagoon of Nin, near the longest sandy beach in Croatia, the Queen's beach. Its beneficial and positive effects on human health have been recognized even by ancient Romans. Under the medical supervision therapy is held in July and August.

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